Phonetics and Phonology
What is Phonetics?
Articulatory phonetics is primarily concerned with the way in which sounds are made in the various languages of the world. A phonetician is interested in what people are doing when they are producing sounds. Auditory phonetics is the study of the listening end of the equation.
Phonology is concerned with the different ways that sounds are combined to make meaningful utterances.It is important for teachers of a language to recognise that learners will have different pronunciation difficulties dependent upon the sounds which they are used to making in their L1.
The IPA chart
The International Phonetics Association (IPA) devised a series of symbols which should be capable of describing any sound, in any language, so that a phonetician would be able to produce the sound without needing to hear it.
It is unlikely that any one language would need to draw on all these symbols to describe its sound system, so specific languages have taken the necessary sounds for their language from the IPA chart, and class them as phonemes of their language.